Lingams underlined in above map
Indra Lingam (East)
Agni Lingam (South East)
Yama Lingam (South)
Niruthi Lingam (South West)
Varuna Lingam (West)
Vayu Lingam (North West)
Kubera Lingam (North)
Esanya Lingam (North East)
The Lingams have the dominant Navagraha of the God to whom they are
associated. It is believed that placating a specific Lingam will bring
various benefits that are associated with the respective Navagraha.
As well as the Asta Lingams, there are two additional Lingams on the
girivalam roadway which according to the oral tradition of the region
are part of what is considered the “Dasa Lingams” of Arunachala.
Those two additional Lingams are Chandra Lingam and Surya Lingam.
Chandra Lingam Kanji Road
A Temple dedicated to Chandra Lingam has been located at the same spot
on Kanji Road for what is believed to be hundreds of years. However as
was the case with the Asta Lingams, the Chandra Lingam in the same way
lapsed into a neglected and dilapidated condition due to lack of
maintenance. In addition the Compound was also taken over by squatters.
A devotee working as Village Administrative Officer persuaded the
Municipality to evict all squatters, take back control of the Temple
Compound and lands and thereupon start work on a reconstruction
programme of the Shrine at the same spot. This work which was started
around 2006, took over ten years to complete. The actual Chandra Lingam
(which was kept at the Indra Lingam Shrine on Car Street for safety
during Temple reconstruction) is now installed in the renovated Chandra
Chandra Lingam, Kanji Road
There are a number of interesting facts about the Chandra Lingam Shrine.
One being that underneath the Lingam is an ancient magnetic rock which
originates from the Himalayas. Another fact is the statue of the White
Nandi which does not face the Chandra Lingam and instead faces
Arunachala - was purposely created at Kasi with horns specifically shaped
as moon crescents.
Chandra has the following associations:
Rebuilt (same spot) Chandra Lingam
Gemstones: pearl and moonstone
Body part: blood
The Sun is the indicator of the soul and the Moon is the vehicle of the
mind that receives the light of the soul. Even though all the Navagrahas
are represented at Arunachala, the Moon with its particular association
with Lord Shiva (Chandrasekhara) has an extraordinary influence.
Black Nandi facing the Chandra Lingam
There are a number of statues of Lord Shiva at the Shrine showing him
wearing the crescent moon. Lord Shiva is also known as Chandrasekhara,
which literally refers to the 'Person who wears the moon'. In some
cultures the appearance of the new crescent moon has been celebrated as a
return of the moon from the dead. This celestial body is a powerful
influence on the human psyche. Its influence which is always available
at Arunachala is celebrated in disparate ways during Sivaratri and
Poornima. It is also recognised in all Pradoshams that fall on Mondays.
Lord Shiva wears on his head the crescent of the fifth-day moon. Placed
near his fiery third eye this shows the power of Soma, the sacrificial
offering, which is representative of the Moon and signifies that Shiva
possesses the power of procreation co-existent with that of destruction.
Lord Chandrasekhara with crescent moon
In one legend, Chandra is considered the son of the ocean as he was one
of the fourteen ratnas (Jewels) that emerged from the ocean during its
churning and was gifted, by the Gods and Demons to Lord Shiva, who wore
the crescent moon on his head.
Unique White Nandi created in Kasi at Shrine
Chandra is a lovable God; pleasing to children as well as elders. Sages
and devotees invoke the Goddess in Chandra. A benefic Moon is often
found in the charts of doctors, healers or psychologists, as well as
good mothers and wives. A strong Moon can give power and creates a good
administrator or leader open to the needs of his people and indicates
relationship and communication. A strong Moon also shows sensitivity,
receptivity, caring for others and a nurturing attitude in life. It
gives emotional maturity, responsibility and the capacity to have a
beneficial effect upon society.
White Nandi's horns shaped to look like Crescent Moons
The moon has two stages; one from new moon day to full moon day i.e. the
waxing period of the moon. During this period it is considered to be
particularly auspicious to undertake new ventures and celebrate
functions. Conversely the period from the full moon day to the new moon
day, the waning period of the moon it is considered to be best to avoid
undertaking new ventures and enterprises.
White Nandi faces Arunachala not the Lingam