There is a vast amount of mythology in connection with Lord Surya at Arunachala which may be found in the: Arunachala Grace Blog
To view a specific post of the Surya-Arunachala mythology, go to this link here
Its interesting to note the juxtaposition of the Surya and Chandra
Lingams in the above map of the Shrines compared to the below layout
diagram of Arunachaleswarar Temple’s Moolasthanam, where the lingams are
located next to Pradosha Nandi at the entrance of the inner shrine.
Oral tradition reports that the similarity of the juxtaposition of Surya
and Chandra Lingams at the gateway of the Lingam of Arunachala Hill and
the Shiva Lingam at Arunachaleswarar Temple’s Moolasthanam, was
Surya and Chandra Lingams at gateway of Shiva Moolasthanam
Surya, the Sun, is God incarnate in solar form, a glorious, shining
golden orb visible every day. He is Astamurthi, one of the eight forms
of Shiva. The Sun alone is the pivot of the entire Universe, the
dispeller of darkness, and root cause of the three worlds. He is the
deity of great brilliance and is considered the Supreme Soul. There are
many names of Lord Surya and each name refers to a particular quality of
consciousness—Aditya, Savita, Surya, Mihira, Arka, Prabhakara,
Martanda, Bhaskara, Bhanu, Chitrabhanu, Divakara and Ravi.
Surya is the chief of the Navagrahas and is often depicted riding a
chariot harnessed by seven horses which represent seven solar rays,
seven chakras of the body and seven days of the week.
Lord Surya on his Chariot
Surya's sons, Shani and Yama are responsible for the judgment of human
life. Shani provides the results of one's deeds during life through
appropriate punishments and rewards while Yama grants the results of
one's deeds after death.
In Vedic astrology Surya is considered a malefic on account of His hot,
dry nature. Surya represents soul, will-power, fame, the eyes, general
vitality, courage, kingship, father, authority figures, benevolence,
generosity, grandeur, dignity and friendliness.
Surya has the following associations:
Deer, Tiger, Lion
Copper and Gold
In Tantra yoga, Surya, the planetary deity of the Sun, represents the
Universal male principal, while Chandra, the Moon, represents the
Universal female or shakti principle. Surya is also associated with
Agni, the god of fire.
Darshan of Arunachala from Lingam
Entrance to Surya Lingam
Moopanar Swamigal who was responsible for the restoration of the Asta
Lingams at Arunachala was not involved in anyway with restoration work
undertaken at the Surya or Chandra Lingams.
Carvings doorway Lingam compound
Surya Lingam in newly renovated compound
Surya Lingam is located after Gautama Ashram and before Varuna Lingam on
the left side of the Girivalam Roadway. Including two buildings
connected to Shrine priests, the area on which Surya Lingam is situated
is less than 1/2 an acre. In 2016 renovation work financed by a family
in Chennai, was completed at the Lingam.
Surya Lingam Shrine with Nandi